We are an ambitious European project on Earth System Modelling that aims to develop the next generation of Earth System Models (ESMs). By developing a novel generation of ESMs, we take a step forward in providing relevant climate simulations for the design of comprehensive climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies, in line with the Paris Agreement. This next generation of ESMs will include an improved representation of the full Earth-system response to anthropogenic emissions, with a particular focus on human land-use change.

Project details

  • Project title: “Earth System Models for the Future” (ESM2025)
  • Funding scheme: Horizon 2020 (Grant agreement no. 101003536)
  • Duration: 4 years (1 June 2021 – 31 May 2025)
  • Project coordinator: Météo France-CNRM, France
  • Project website:

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New study on the impacts of wildfire emissions on fine particle air pollution in the western US until the end of the 21st century, under different climate change scenarios.
This work highlights the fact that when committing to a particular level of future warming, we are also committing to a particular level of fine particle air pollution. This has to be taken into account when considering mitigation and adaptation strategies.