Preserving and restoring ecosystems and biodiversity

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The understanding of nature-based negative emission solutions often focuses on their mitigation potential, thus as means for reaching carbon neutrality by 2050. However, this is only one small part of the whole picture; these techniques represent a more sustainable model that brings many environmental benefits in the long term.

In this article, we provide an overview of current understanding of the land-to-ocean carbon fluxes. We describe the new conceptual model of the land-to-ocean aquatic continuum (proposed by Regnier et al, 2022, Nature), as well as ongoing work to include this new knowledge in Earth System Models.