Using Organigraphs to Map Disaster Risk Management Governance in the Field of Cultural Heritage.
Louis J. Durrant, Atish N. Vadher, Mirza Sarač, Duygu Başoğlu and Jacques Teller
Global cultural heritage is threatened by the increasing frequency and severity of natural disasters caused by climate change. International experts emphasize the importance of managing cultural heritage sustainably as part of a paradigm shift in cultural heritage perception, understanding, and management. This paradigm shift has stimulated a need to integrate cultural heritage into pre-existing disaster risk management governance.
However, there is currently a lack of robust and practical approaches to map the complex nature of disaster risk management governance. It is here considered that a shared understanding of the respective roles and responsibilities of the different organizations involved in risk management is a critical element in improving the preparedness of cultural heritage sites.
The purpose of this article is to present the utility of the Organigraph technique and its main components as a tool to map governance structures, identify key stakeholders, and integrate cultural heritage experts into wider disaster risk management. The article presents a semi-empirical research approach, consisting of four iterative phases in which a series of digital workshops, semi-structured meetings, and bilateral expert meetings were used to co-produce ﬁve Organigraphs for heritage sites participating in an ongoing European Project.
Our ﬁndings suggest that Organigraphs provide a valuable tool at the disposal of practitioners and academics with the potential to provide a basis for cross-national, cross-issue, and cross-scale peer learning between heritage sites. Furthermore, the technique is a valuable self-diagnostic tool to facilitate learning and proactive discussions in the preparedness phase of disaster risk management. Finally, they facilitate the co-creation of solutions through an evolving, interactive platform to integrate data-driven approaches.
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SHELTERSustainable Historic Environments hoListic reconstruction through Technological Enhancement and community-based Resilience is an EU-funded project, that aims at developing a data-driven and community-based knowledge framework that will bring together the scientific community and heritage managers.
The main objectives are: increasing resilience, reducing vulnerability, and promoting better and safer reconstruction in historic areas.
- Project title: “Sustainable Historic Environments hoListic reconstruction through Technological Enhancement and community-based Resilience” (SHELTER)
- Funding scheme: European Union Horizon 2020 Programme (EU H2020, grant agreement no. 821282)
- Duration: 4 years (June 2019 – May 2023)
- Project coordinator: FUNDACION TECNALIA RESEARCH & INNOVATION (TEC)
- Project website: https://shelter-project.com/